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Sierra Leone To Host 2016 Global Peace Conference PDF  | Print |  E-mail
Editorial
Written by Bai-Bai Sesay   
Monday, 01 February 2016 19:49

Sierra Leone in November this year will host the 26th biennial conference of the International Peace Research Association (IPRA) which will take place in Freetown. This conference will be the second time Africa to host the conference since the founding of IPRA in 1964.

The conference will bring together more than 500 peace researchers and few others interested in peace research from different countries across all the continents with about hundreds of papers to be presented in various sessions.  A very colorful Sierra Leonean cultural music and dance performance will kick-started the proceeding of the conference.

In a brief interview, Sierra Leonean-born IPRA co-Secretary General Dr Ibrahim Seaga Shaw(pictured), Senior Lecturer in Media and Politics at the Northumbria University in the United Kingdom expanded the discussion on the sustainable peace—universal values nexus to Lisa Schirch’s concept of just peace, which is a hybrid of human rights and peace. 

He argued that just peace goes beyond efforts to reduce direct violence: “Just peace building efforts priorities the proper transformation of principles and values over a long period of time through an organized system of distributive justice where resources and decision-making are shared”.

Dr Shaw explained the concept of just peace from the perspective of what he called the indivisible First Generation Political and Civil Rights and Second Generation Economic, Social and Cultural Rights thereby emphasizing the importance of the two sets of rights.

He, however, lamented  that the reason why we are seeing a vicious circle of violence, especially in the developing world is because most of the time focus has been placed on taking care of the Political and Civil Rights of all parties to the conflict but ignore their Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.

Drawing on examples in the escalation of conflicts between Israel and the Palestinians, and in Syria and Iraq, Dr Shaw said: “In this way it is often easy to dismiss the weak and the poor as monsters trying to create disorder for the strong and rich as victims, without trying to find out the extent to which these so-called ‘monsters’ may have been created by the very unjust structures set up by the so-called ‘victims’ ”,

He argued that in order to avoid a situation of a vicious circle of violence and achieve a kind of sustainable peace, interventions to prevent or resolve conflicts must be based on the principle of just peace for all parties to the conflict be they ‘victims’ or ‘monsters’.

Dr Shaw concluded his remarks by expressing hope that “by the end of this conference participants will return home better equipped with knowledge on how to use their peace research work to address the topical issues of the conference such as those related to post Cold War political ideology, geopolitics, geo-economics’, international and regional cooperation on intra-state and cross-border conflicts, climate change, inequality, poverty, arms race etc.” 

Another Sierra Leonean born diplomat, Special Representative of the UN Secretary General on Violence Against Women in Conflict, Mrs. Haja Zainab Hawa Bangura has said that one of the causes of armed conflicts is often the marginalization of women, and yet when there is an outbreak of conflicts they are often on the receiving end of the worst human rights violations.

Mrs. Bangura, who formerly served as both Foreign and Health ministers in Sierra Leone, recalled her experience working to empower women victims of the 1991-2002 Civil War in Sierra Leone, and in post-conflict Liberia where some women victims of human rights violations became very successful peace activists.

A Professor of Peace Studies, Johann Galtung said:  “We have come of age, at 50; and I am the only surviving founder from 1964 in London, capital of a foggy island in the North Sea. Now we meet in the sunny capital of another empire; bridging three continents. One cloned itself all over; the other was more an Islamic umma, a community of togetherness-and-sharing, with millet islands of tolerance. And now: the superb IPRA program.”

Professor Galtung said what they wanted in 1964 when they founded IPRA was to push for peace research to be recognized as a social science, member of the UNESCO International Social Science Council, and to do this they needed to bypass opposition from Western universities. “We got it. Elise Boulding–role of culture, women–very active at the founding, saving IPRA several times afterward. Her husband Kenneth–the Image, stable peace, economic evolution–was in the background and Bert Röling–the youngest judge at the Tokyo Tribunal, disarmament, and law for peace–became the first IPRA Secretary General. And then Galtung–at the time the health studies parallel and positive/negative peace.”  Professor Galtung said he and others who started IPRA were from the Northwestern part of the world; however, he acknowledged that IPRA has, “like the world, moved East and South, with a Turkish Delight and a Sierra Leone Diamond as secretaries, with a Prognosis: we will move on to Islam and China–India still needs time to grow with our Guiding Spirit: Gandhi. Then back to a more modest Northwest, circling on, as we should”.

On the issue of Uniting for peace, part of the theme of the conference, Professor Galtung cautioned: “But we differ, disagree? Incredible how far we can come if we identify and focus on the good and the positive in Kiev, Donetsk and Moscow, or husband and wife in broken marriages rather than what is wrong, and build new relations on that. Peace is a relation, not attributes of the parties. So also for conferences: focus on the best in paper, praise it; not on the dubious and missing.”

It could be recalled that Dr Ibrahim Seaga Shaw and Dr Nesrin Kenar, who coordinated the 25th IPRA conference in Turkey, at the organization’s administrative meeting on August 14 during the 25th IPRA conference in Istanbul to serve a second term of two years made the announcement following their re-election to host the conference in Sierra Leone.

IPRA  celebrated its 50th anniversary and the First World War Centenary in style as part of its 25th biennial  General Conference on “Uniting For Peace: Building Sustainable Peace Through Universal Values”  hosted by Sakarya University at the prestigious Bomonti Hilton Hotel in Istanbul, Turkey, between August 11-15 2014.

 

Editorial

2016 Global Peace Conference to be held in Freetown---as IPRA 50th Birthday confab ends in Istanbul

 

The 26th biennal conference of the Internatonal Peace Research Association (IPRA) is billed to take place in  Freetown, Sierra Leone in November 2016, marking the second time Africa has hosted the conference since the founding of IPRA in 1964. This was announced following the re-election of  the two IPRA Secretaries-general, Dr Ibrahim Seaga Shaw (pictured) and Dr Nesrin Kenar, who co-ordinated the 25th  IPRA conference in Turkey,  at the organisation’s administrative meeting on August 14 during the 25th  IPRA  conference in Istanbul  to serve a second term of two years.

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The Sierra Leone Embassy in China in collaboration with the Beijing Chamber of Commerce for Cultural Industries on Saturday 17th June, 2017 launched the China-Sierra Leone Hand-in-Hand International Foundation with a view of cultivating good citizenship by enhancing social, environmental, cultural and economic wellbeing of communities in Sierra Leone.

It also will among others, serve as a bridge of friendship between the two nations in a bid to promote international culture and art exchanges and contribute to economic development.

Speaking at the event, Madam Kumba Alice Momoh, the embassy’s Chargé d'Affaires   referred to the launch of the China-Sierra Leone Hand-In-Hand International Foundation as “the birth of a new era during a period that Sierra Leone is celebrating 46 years of bilateral relationship with China”

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Freedom of Expression Violations Rise Sharply in West Africa

The incidents of freedom of expression rights violations in West Africa more than tripled in the first quarter (January-March) of 2017.

Over the three-month period, a total of 47 violations were recorded as against 14 violations for the last quarter (October-December) of 2016. The violations recorded in the quarter under review range from arrests and detentions to physical attacks, online violations, shutdown of media houses, censorship, seizure and destruction of property and killings. The 47 violations occurred in 10 out of the 16 countries in West Africa.

These findings are contained in the latest edition of the West Africa Freedom of Expression Monitor, a quarterly report by the MFWA which analyses and highlights freedom of expression developments in the sub-region.

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Commentary

REVIEWING THE JUNE 2017 ECOWAS SUMMIT

A PASSIONATE LETTER TO HIS EXCELLENCY THE PRESIDENT:  44TH EDITION

REVIEWING THE JUNE 2017 ECOWAS SUMMIT
 Your Excellency Sir,
 It’s been six months since I subscribed to my usual publications of this piece. And this is primarily because I have been out of the country for the entire period, and as such would not normally objectively tender a subscription. I do apologize to my readers for this. So having being in Monrovia, Liberia for the recently concluded ECOWAS Summit, I would like to do some analysis on such a historic august body and gathering of this sub-Saharan/West African region.
 
In resume, among other crucial achievements, ECOWAS, through its military apparatus, ECOMOG, played very sacrificial and invaluable roles in bringing peace, security and democratic governance to both Sierra Leone and Liberia during their past civil wars, and most recently ensuring that the Gambian people’s democratic change of government from the notorious dictatorial twenty seven years regime of Yaya Jarmeh, to the current government of President Adama Barrow, through their tactical robust intervention, overseen by President Helen JohnsonSirleaf of Liberia and other ECOWAS Presidents/actors, was enforced. Furthermore, ECOWAS has also spearheaded the enactment of several socio-political, advocacy and economic treaties in the sub region.
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View Point

WHY SIERRA LEONEANS HATE PEACE AND DEVELOPMENT

Honestly speaking Sierra Leoneans are well known for their hospitality all over the world, especially in Africa. But ironically many of them hate each other. But they love foreigners. They have high respect for strangers. But unfortunately they do not have respect among themselves. You can attest this to what is happening in the social media. Where they are showing their pull him down (PhD) syndrome. By castigating their compatriots unnecessarily. Some of them just because of jealousy and envious evil spirit they possess. They prefer to promote foreigners than their own brothers and sisters both in and out of the country.

Day in day out they are insulting each other.They are using all sorts of vulgar languages against each other. And even their own highly respected president in the world, President Ernest Bai Koroma they are insulting him openly. Therefore, it is an open secret that many Sierra Leoneans are not well cultured.

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“It is humbling to see again the power of this incredible global partnership to generate funding to fight one of the world’s most horrible and debilitating diseases,” said Dr Tedros.

 

 

A proportion of the money pledged will help WHO fund disease surveillance in more than 70 countries and enable it to provide expertise to help countries vaccinate 450 million children per year against polio. The Organization will also provide guidance on vaccination policy and participate in research into vaccine delivery methods, operational tactics and other approaches that can help accelerate eradication.

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The Bilateral Subcutaneous Mastectomy surgery was done on the 6th of June 2017 at the Holy Spirit hospital Makeni free of charge by a team of 5 surgeons from Ghana headed by Dr. Albert Painsil and assisted by our Sierra Leonean brother Dr. Abdul Jalloh with fund from Resurge Africa UK.

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Development

Sierra Leone Collateral Registry to improve access to finance for MSMEs

Minister of Finance and Economic Development and Governor of the Central Bank Monday (June 12) jointly launched the Sierra Leone Collateral Registry, an electronic public database holding information on security interests in movable property.

 

The Registry is an initiative of the Bank of Sierra Leone with technical and financial support provided by the World Bank Group to improve access to finance, particularly for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). Established under Part II of the Borrowers and Lenders Act, the Registry is a web based system that allows lenders to search for any pre-existing security interests over movable assets provided as collateral. It facilitates the use of movable assets as collateral that may remain in possession or control of the borrowers and thereby improves access to secured finance.

 

 

 

Movable assets are the main type of collateral that MSMEs, especially those in developing countries, can encumber to obtain financing. Given opportunities in agribusiness among others, the Collateral Registry regime allows farmers and entrepreneurs to unlock significant sources of capital with assets that would otherwise not be looked at by lenders as potential collateral.

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APC Secretary General Ambassador Yansaneh announces the resolutions at the June 1st NAC Meeting
EBK endorsed to continue as Chairman and Leader,continue to unite and transition the party.
 
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Must n paid up and active in the last 10 years and paid up for 7 years . 
 
Will sign an undertaken to support whoever is selected or endorsed . 
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